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英語四六級考試各題型評分標準

技能訓練 2021-06-11 11:40 480 英語四級

英語四級復習重在方法與技巧,抓住重點難點復習,效率才能提高,下面就是小編整理的四六級考試各題型評分標準,希望大家喜歡。

四六級作文評分標準與原則:

1.本題滿分為15分

2.閱卷標準共分五等:2分、5分、8分、11分及14分。各有標準樣卷一至二份。

3.閱卷人員根據閱卷標準,對照樣卷評分,若認為所閱文章與某一分數(如8分)相似,即定為該分數(即8分);若認為所閱文章稍優或稍劣于該分數則可加一分(即9分)或減一分(即7分)。但不得加或減半分。

 #四六級作文評分標準:

2分——條理不清,思路紊亂,語言支離破碎或大部分句子均有錯誤,且多數為嚴重錯誤。

5分——基本切題。表達思想不清楚,連貫性差。有較多的嚴重語言錯誤。

8分——基本切題。有些地方表達思想不夠清楚,文字勉強連貫;語言錯誤相當多,其中有一些是嚴重錯誤。

11分——切題。表達思想清楚,文字連貫,但有少量語言錯誤。

14分——切題。表達思想清楚,文字通順、連貫,基本上無語言錯誤,僅有個別小錯。

[注:白卷,作文與題目毫不相關,或只有幾個孤立的詞而無法表達思想,則給0分。]

5.字數不足應酌情扣分:

字數與分數扣分比例[注:①如題目中給出主題句,起始句,結束句,均不得計入所寫字數。②規定的內容未寫全者,按比例扣分。③如要判為0分,需慎重處理。]

6.為了便于閱卷人員掌握評分標準,現將各檔作文分相當于百分制的得分,列表如下,稱為得分率。其中9分的得分率為60分(相當于百分制的60分)。

 四六級作文評分原則:

1.CET是檢查考生是否達到大學英語教學大綱規定的四級和六級教學要求,對作文的評判應以此為準則。

2.CET作文題采用總體評分(GlobalScoring)方法。閱卷人員就總的印象給出獎勵分(RewardScores),而不是按語言點的錯誤數目扣分。

3.從內容和語言兩個方面對作文進行綜合評判。內容和語言是一個統一體。作文應表達題目所規定的內容,而內容要通過語言來表達。要考慮作文是否切題,是否充分表達思想,也要考慮是否用英語清楚而和合適地表達思想,也就是要考慮語言上的錯誤是否造成理解上的障礙。

4.避免趨中傾向。該給高分給高分,包括滿分;該給低分給低分,包括零分。一名閱卷人員在所評閱的全部作文卷中不應只給中間的幾種分數。

5.所發樣卷一律不得翻印,嚴禁出版,一經發現,必予追究。

示例作文:

Thesedaysmanyparentstendtomakealldecisionsfortheirchildrenforfearthattheymightdosomethingwrong.Theparents’purposeisquiteclear:toprotecttheirkidsfrompossiblefailures.Butthispracticeturnsouttomaketheirchildrenincreasinglydependentonthem。

Fortheirchildren’sfuturedevelopment,parentsshouldhelpthemtobeindependent.Theearliertheytakemeasurestodoso,themorebenefittheirchildrenwillget.Parentsshouldfirstteachtheirchildrenhowtomakeplan,anindispensableskillfortheirfuturesurvival.Parentsshouldalsogivetheirchildrenmorefreedom,amusttochildren’sindependence.Ifthechildrenonlyfollowrulessetbytheirparents,theywillnevergainthesenseofindependence.Mostimportantly,parentsshouldbeopentodifferentideasfromtheirchildren.Ifchildrenfeelthattheirideasarewelllistenedtoandrespected,theywillbecomemoreconfident。

Tosumup,parentsshouldprovidetheirchildrenwithplan-makingskill,freedomandrespect.Inthisway,childrenwillgrowmoreindependent。

11分

Nowadays,manyparentsdoeverythingfortheirchildren.Theycookmealsandwashclothesfortheirchildren.Andtheyevenmakeallthechoicesfortheirchildren.Everythinghasdonebytheparentsandthechildrenwilldonothingbutfollowingtheparents’decisions。

Inordertohelpchildrentobeindependent,parentsshouldfollowthesuggestionsgivenbelow.First,letchildrendosomehousework,suchaswashingdishesandcleaningrooms.Theseworkswillnottaketoomuchtime,buttheyaresuitableforchildrentolearntoliveindependently.Second,givethechancetomanagethefamilytochildren.Asafamilymember,childshouldknowhowtomanagethefamily.Andtheparentsshouldteachthemthiskindofskills.Inthisway,childrencanlearnthenecessaryabilitiestoliveontheirown.Andmostimportant,givefreedomtochildrenandletthemmaketheirownchoice.Onlyinthiswaycanchildrengrowuphealthily。

8分

Nowdays,manyparentsdoeverythingfortheirchildren.Therearemanyreasonsforparentstodothat.Thefirstoneisthattheylovetheirchildrenandwantthemlivebetter.Allthesethingsmakesthechildrendon’tknowhowtolivewithoutparents.Theydon’tknowhowtobeindependent。

Whattheparentsdohaveareallybadeffecttotheirchildren.Sotheyshouldtryanotherway.Theyshouldteachtheirchildrenhowtodothingsinsteadofdoingthingsforthem.Then,theyshouldletthechildrenknowthattheywouldleaveonedayandchildrenmustlivebythemselves.Sothechildrenhavetolearntolivealonewhenitisnottoolate.Next,parentsshouldputitintopractice.Theymaycreatmorechanceforchildrentolivealonewhenchildrenareyoung。

Ifparentsdowellintheseways,theirchildrenwillsurelyknowhowtobeindependent。

5分

Recentyears,atopicofhowshouldparentshelpchildrentobeindependent,whichhasarousedwidelypublicattention.AsfarasIamconcernedthatisrightinasense,whichparentsdoeverythingfortheirchildren.Becauseofthechildrenisparents’sallthings.However,Iamfavorofparentsshouldhelpchildrentobeindependentassoonaspossible。

Howshouldparentshelpchildrentobeindependent.Inmyopinion,parentsshouldbelievetheirchildrenfirst.Parentsshouldbecertainwiththeirchildrencanrecognizethetrueorfaultandrightorwrongofsomething.Secondly,parentshadbesttolettheirchildrentorelizetheresponsityofhimselfandthefamily.Inaddition,parentsalsoneedtoconnectwiththeirchildrenandknowaboutwhatchildrenisdoingrecently。

Bydoingso,childrenmaymakemistakeevenlosttheirwayandsoon.However,don’tworried,parents.Yourchildrenmustbesucceedfromtheirexperience。

2分

Intheworld,howmanypeopleisveryhappy?Becausetheyarehasparents,friends,teachersandsoon.Theyaretakesmuchloveforthem.Sotheyareveryhappy。

Inpresent,parentsaredoingmuchmoreanythingfortheirchildrens.Includinganythinginthehome.Forexample,theirclothes,theirdinner,theirfriendsandsoon.Intheschool,theirparentstakesthemforschoolbycar,bybikeandonfoot.Fortheirchildrensafe.Today’schildrendon’tdoanythingexcepttheirparents。

Forchildrenaloneintheworld.Forchildrendoinganythingaloneintheworld.Parentsmakesdoexchangethemselves。

Parentsaren’tdoanythingfortheirchildren.Theycandosomethingbythemselves.Theycanwiththeirfriendstogotoschool,tobuysomethinginthestoryandsoonparentsshouldnotupset.Allowtheirchildrendoingthemself.

Parentsshoulddoanythingfortheirchildrens,butdoesn’tdoallthethingsfortheirchildrens.

 四六級翻譯評分標準:

翻譯"譯文基本表達了原文的意思"就有可能拿到8-11分。

英語作文寫作技巧

(1)改變時態

The bell is ringing now. (一般)

There goes the bell! (高級)

(2)改變語態

People suggests that the meeting be put off. (一般)

It is suggested that the meeting be put off. (高級)

(3)使用過去分詞

Lisa walked out of the room and many guys followed her. (一般)

Followed by many guys, Lisa walked out of the lab. (高級)

(4)使用v-ing形式

When she arrives, please give me a call. (一般)

On her arriving, please give me a call. (高級)

(5)使用不定式

He is so kind that he can do me a favor. (一般)

He is so kind as to do me a favor. (高級)

(6)使用虛擬語氣

The patient didn’t die because there were the efforts of the doctor. (一般)

But for the efforts of the doctor, the patient would have died. (高級)

(7)使用強調句型

I was born in 1987. (一般)

It was in 1987 that I was born. (高級)

(8)使用倒裝

Though I’m sick, I’ll carry on. (一般)

Sick as I am, I’ll carry on. (高級)

(9) 使用并列句

If you go through the gate, you’ll find me. (一般)

Go through the gate, and you’ll find me. (高級)

(10)使用名詞性從句

She happened to have met him. (一般)

It happened that she had met him. (高級)

(11)使用定語從句

The girl is spoken highly of. Her homework was well done. (一般)

The girl whose homework was well done is spoken highly of. (高級)

(12)使用狀語從句

I won’t believe what he says. (一般)

No matter what he says, I won’t believe. (高級)

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